Xandra Kramer


Xandra Kramer is professor of European civil procedure at the Erasmus University Rotterdam and professor of Private international law at Utrecht University (the Netherlands). She is particularly fascinated by the cross-roads between economic efficiency and procedural fairness, the actual functioning of civil justice systems and its impact on litigants, transnational complex litigation and enforcement, and the harmonisation of EU private international law and civil procedure. Her research combines doctrinal legal research, comparative law, policy-oriented and (qualitative) empirical research. In 2016, she was awarded a prestigious ERC consolidator grant for her project Building EU civil justice: challenges of procedural innovations bridging access to justice. Early 2017, five research posititions (three postdocs and two PhDs) will be advertised.

She studied law at Leiden University (cum laude), specialising in private international law, civil procedure, comparative law and philosophy (thesis awarded with thesis prize Leiden University). Her first (student) article was awarded with the Ars Aequi prize (1996). She was as an assistant professor at Leiden University and obtained her Ph.D. on provisional measures and private international law in 2001. She worked as an associate professor at Erasmus School of Law and was appointed full professor in February 2011 (chair European Civil Procedure, view her inaugural lecture).

From 2013-2014, she held the TPR chair (endowed by the Belgian journal of private law) and was Visiting Professor Global Law School at Leuven University (Belgium). In 2014 and 2016, she was a visiting scholar at Stanford Law School, California.

Xandra conducts research and lectures in the area of private international law, international litigation, comparative law, arbitration, mediation, and European private law and has published numerous articles and several books in these areas. She was the first law scholar to be awarded a research fellowship for a project on the harmonisation of civil procedure in the EU by the Board of Erasmus University (2004). In 2010, she was one of the first private law scholars to be awarded a prestigious VIDI-grant by the Dutch Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) for a research on Securing Quality in Cross-Border Enforcement in the EU, and to set up her own research group (2011-2016). She currently supervises (as ‘promotor’) five PhD researchers conducting research on European civil procedure, fundamental rights, contract law, civil justice competition, and legal aspects of cargo-bundling and co-supervises several others.

She was project leader of several comparative and empirical studies for the Dutch Ministry of Justice, on international mass litigation and on debt collection (2010, 2012). She was scientific director of a study for the European Parliament on a European framework for private International Law (2012) and was commissioned to write a briefing note on a European Code of Private International Law (2012). On request of the Lithuanian Presidency of the EU, she was one of the key note speakers and was chairperson at a European Council conference on the European Small Claims Procedure (2013). In 2014, she was requested to present an in-depth-analysis to the European Parliament to outline the future of European private international law. In 2015, she obtained an action grant from the European Commission for research on the implementation of the Brussels I-bis Regulation. As a consortium member led by the Max Planck Institute in Luxembourg she will carry out a large scale study for the European Commission on procedural law and EU consumer law in 2016.
She is a member and reporter of the ELI-Unidroit workgroup on European Rules of Civil Procedure (Provisional Measures), is co-reporter of an overarching working group that coordinates and consolidates the ELI-Unidroit Project, and participates in numerous other national and international committees and research projects.

She is editor-in-chief of the Dutch journal on Private International Law (NIPR), and is on the editorial board of several other journals, including the Erasmus Law Review. She is the Dutch editor for www.conflictoflaws.net (News and Views on Private International Law).

She has been a visiting professor and visiting scholar at different foreign universities and research institutes, including the University of Leuven (Belgium), the Foreign Trade University in Hanoi (Vietnam) and Koç University in Istanbul (Turkey), Stanford Law School (United States) and the Max Planck Institute for Comparative and International Private Law in Hamburg (Germany). She is a member of the International Association of Procedural Law and fellow at the European Law Institute.

In addition to her academic work she has regularly provided expert opinions on case files. In 2007 she was appointed Deputy Judge at the District Court of Rotterdam.

© 2010 Xandra Kramer